KUHAILAN AFAS d.b.

The Kuhailan Afas o.a. sireline came to Poland at the same time as the Kuhailan Haifi o.a. line came to Poland, in 1931. Both those stallions, along with Kuhailan Kharas o.a. and some mares, were bought by Bogdan Zientarski and Carl Raswan for the Gumniska stud. The Gumniska stud was owned by the Sanguszko family which was one of the most powerful of the noble families in Poland.

Roman Sanguszko the elder was a horsebreeder (Slawuta stud) and in 1820 he was ordered by tsar Alexander I to serve in the Russian army. After 3 years he was released and in 1829 he married Natalie Potocka who shortly thereafter died in childbirth (the child, a daughter, survived). There has always been dissention among the polish nobles against the tsar rule and in 1831 prince Roman joined an uprising against the tsar. The uprising was a crushed and prince Roman Sr was sent to Siberia. Some of his mares were taken to Gumniska, another of the studs owned by the Sanguszko family, to prevent them from being confiscated by the tsar. In 1843 he was allowed to go back home but was still forbidden to own property and he had no title. The ownership of Slawuta was transfered to his nephew Roman the younger and Satanow (later renamed Antoniny) went to his daughter Marya, married to a Potocki. He still managed both estates, if not in his own name. He died in 1881 and his life was described in a short story by Joseph Conrad, "Prince Roman".

     
Kuhailan Afas o.a. Bad Afas (Kuhailan Afas o.a. x Bad) Abu Afas (Bad Afas x Gahdar)
     

Roman Jr inherited Slawuta and his brother Eustachy had Gumniska. During the Russian Revolution he was murdered and Slawuta destroyed. The estate was passed on to Roman Sanguszko, born in 1901, the son of Roman Jr's brother Eustachy. Roman fled Poland when World War I began and when he returned Slawuta was outside the polish border and Gumniska totally destroyed. He began to rebuild the breeding program and imported horses from France, the first to arrive in 1929. Another set of french horses came in 1931 when an exchange with the Tiaret stud was arranged. This group included Bad, dam of Bad Afas, who introduced a new mare family in Poland, Cherifa o.a.. The french horses had been purchased especially for breeding racehorses and crossed very well with the desert imports. Damlines from the old Slawuta and Gumniska studs were also used.

The french imports and their offspring raced very well but in 1939 prince Roman left Gumniska after the Nazi invasion. The stud was managed by Bogdan Zientarski under German rule but eventually he had to flee, threatened by the Gestapo. At the end of the war the Germans ordered the evacuation of Gumniska to Poznan. The stud which had been virtually intact during the whole war was caught between retreating Germans and advancing Russians. Needless to say, the horses did not stand a chance being trapped between two armoured divisions pounding on each other. Very few horses survived but among them was Ferha (the dam of Faher), Forta, Grand and Gabor.

     
Branibor (Arcus x Bajdara) Dunajec (Branibor x Dyska) Comet (Abu Afas x Carmen)
     

This sireline has not been very numerous, at least not until it was reintrodued by Probat during the 1980´ies. Kuhailan Afas o.a. was born 1930 in Bahrein by a Kuhailan Wadnan out of a Kuhaila Afas. He sired two sons, Drop and Bad Afas. Drop sired only one mare but Bad Afas sired two sons to continue the line, Arcus and Abu Afas. Arcus left one son, Derby winner Branibor, and several mares but this branch is extinct in Poland today. It is continued in USA through Branibor's son Dunajec. Branibor also sired the mare Arkona (out of Adis Abeba) imp Sweden.

Abu Afas sired one son in Poland, COMET, before being exported to DDR in 1955. He left several sons in DDR, among them Cid ben Afas (out of Cyneraria and imported to Sweden), Grande Ben Afas II (out of Grazyna) and Galba Ben Afas (out of Galka). Comet was the chief progenitor of this line in Poland but died prematurely when he was only 11 years old. His get has been exported all over the world but none of his sons was able to continue the line in Poland, even though they left good mares.

The phenomenal
COMET 1953, is considered by many as the best stallion born after World War II and nicknamed "the Sire of the Century". Indeed he sired extraordinary broodmares, full of charm, type and class, who became exceptionnal dams as, between others, EUNICE, the dam of Polish champions EUKALIPTUS and EUROPA; ARBA, the dam of chiefsires ARGO, ARMANIAK, ARBIL, and European Champion Mare ARRA ; ENGRACJA, mother of chiefsire ERNAL, European Champion ENGANO and European Junior Champion Mare ENKLAWA ; and also WARMIA, the dam of stallions WOROBLIN and WERMUT, and US National Champion Mare WIZJA and Polish Junior Reserve Champion WILEJKA, the dam of Chief Progenitor WOJSLAW.
At the time of his untimely death at 11 years old, 21 of his sons had been exported. Only five of them had been used in breeding without to be able to continue the line. Among them, CARYCYN was certainly the best but nearly all his progeny had been exported before reproduction in Poland, besides OSTRAWA, who produced Polish Reserve Junior Champion OSTROZKA, and Polish National Champion EMISJA, the dam of Michalów's living legend EMIGRACJA.

The line came back to Poland when Probat was imported. He was a son of Pohaniec, a Comet son imported to Sweden. Pohaniec left several good sons and superlative mares. Probat left many good mares but more importantly, he left a multitude of sons. From being extinct, this line has become one of the most numerous and successful lines in Poland today.

     
Grande Ben Afas II (Abu Afas x Grazyna) Galba Ben Afas (Abu Afas x Galka) Badr Bedur (Comet x Bint Munira)
 

The Comet sons used in Poland:

Badr Bedur, exported to France and sire of Dambor (who in turn sired Eryk imp. Sweden).
Bajdak, sire of Pochodnia (out of Potencja) imp. Sweden.
Carrador, sire of three mares.
Carycyn, sire of Gongola (out of Gonagra) and Flama (out of Fantina), both imported to Sweden.
Ego, sire of Relax who was used in Poland and Sweden.

     
Bajdak (Comet x Bajdara) Carrador (Comet x Czaruta) Carycyn (Comet x Cerekiew)
     
Ego (Comet x Egeria) Pohaniec (Comet x Planeta) Bilbao (Comet x Bika)
     

Comet sired many stallions and mares used in several countries, including:

Pohaniec, imp. to Sweden where he sired Probat, Borexpo, Pusjkin, Pomar, Da Capo, Expo and Forex.
Bilbao, imported to Sweden. Sire of the stallion Abiram (out of Mimoza) and the mares Cayenne, Billbosa, Bisera and Bianca.
Beldan (out of Bint Munira) imp. to Sweden. Sire of Aga Khan (out of Esparda), exp UK.
Essaul imp. to Sweden. Sire of fine broodmares and the stallions Cien, Gryf, Marszalek, Napad and Samurai.
Mustafar (out of Musailima) imp. to Sweden. Sire of the stallion Mustang (out of Sweet Nicolina) and the mares Wormusa and Maliki.

     
Mustafar (Comet x Musailima) Essaul (Comet x Ela) Relax (Ego x Rokada)
     

Grojec exp. UK, then exp. US. Sire of several ridden champions as well as stallions.
Menelaus, first exp. Germany and then to Belgium. Sire of several broodmares and the stallion Elan. He was half brother to Mohacz, Mimika (dam of Mimikra and Meczet) and Mimoza imp. Sweden. His dam Mimonka was also imported to Sweden.
Dar (out od Darda) exp. US. He is a class A halter champion and sire of the stallions Etnar, Medalion and Meridian. His dam Darda was also dam of Dardir (by Naborr) imp. Sweden.
Flis (out of Forta) exp. US. He has sired many broodmares.
Gwar (out of Gwadiana) exp. US. A sire of performance champions. Full brother to Gwyn and half brother to Grobla (imp. Sweden), Gwalior and Grandorr (imp. Poland).
Meczet (out of Mimika) exp US. Performance champion and sire of good mares. Full brother to Mimikra imp. Sweden.
Wiraz exp. US. He was US National Top Ten Park Horse and has sired halter, performance and race champions. He was a full brother to Wielka Kometa imp. Sweden and half brother to Warna, Wiganda and Wielka Este imp. Sweden.
Zbrucz (out of Znachorka) exp US. He is US National Reserve Champion Park Horse. He has sired many performance champions and many stallions.

 
Grojec (Comet x Gastronomia) Menelaus (Comet x Mimonka) Wiraz (Comet x Wielka Zorza)
 

Probat was one of three full brothers, by Pohaniec out of Borexia. He was chosen by the polish state studs to bring back the Kuhailan Afas o.a. sire line that was extinct in Poland. He was used for a total of six seasons. Apart from siring many sons he also sired many valuable mares. Among his sons used in Poland are Alegro, Boryslaw, Drabik, Enrilo, Fawor, Gil and Pamir.

Borexpo was exported to Germany and then to USA. He was not the sire his brother was but left some good broodmares in Römerwall and Altana stud.

The life of Pusjkin was cut short due to accident. He was considered very promising and was leased to Norway were he sired his only foal crop.

 
Probat (Pohaniec x Borexia) Borexpo (Pohaniec x Borexia) Pusjkin (Pohaniec x Borexia)
 

To reintroduce in Poland the then nearly extinct KUHAILAN AFAS sireline, COMET's grandson PROBAT, bred by Blommeröd stud in Sweden in 1975, was leased to serve mares in Michalów in 1980-81-86 and in Janów in 1982-83-88. The father of PROBAT, Michalów bred POHANIEC, had been exported to Sweden where he won the national title as well as the European Reserve one. PROBAT did his task with perfection, producing numerous show champions like World Champions FAWOR and PIRUET, Polish champions PAMIR, GIL and GARNIZON, and racewinners like BORYSLAW, WERMUT, FAWOR and PAMIR plus other great sires like ENRILO, GWIZD (at Tersk) and ALEGRO. In Poland he produced magnificent champion mares like DIANA, EGZOTYKA, ALMERIA, PISTACJA and PIKIETA as well as phenomenal broodmares like EGZOTYKA, dam of European champion ESKALOPKA, Swedish National Champion EWAKUACJA and Warsaw Champion Mare EGZONERA ; FANABERIA, the dam of World Reserve and Polish National Champion mare FALLADA ; and GASKONIA, the mother of 3 stallions, Polish Reserve Champion GRAFIK, Polish Junior Champion and World Top 10 stallion GASPAR and GASKONCZYK, exported to Germany. In Sweden, four PROBAT daughters won the national title, PRUSNEGA, PRUSJA, PROSBA, and our NAUTICIA. His son PIONIER, was also Swedish National Champion.

Twelve PROBAT sons have been used in the Polish breeding program. The bests will certainly remain the two national and international champions
FAWOR and PAMIR. FAWOR is the father of numerous champions like ALBULA, ALBIGOWA, FORTISSIMA, SAZSA, BOREK and PILAR. His best son, Polish Junior Champion and international multichampion PILOT 1987, was sold to Paolo Gucci at 3, but was recently leased back to serve mares in Janów Podlaski as was also his own son HS PIRANDELO one year later.
Sold for 100.000$ to Brazil in 2000, PAMIR is, for his part, the father of great show horses but also race champions like the etheral European Champion mare EMILDA, Polish National Champion and Derby Winner BATYSKAF, sold to Turkish Jockey Club for 450.000$, 1995 Race Horse of the Year GEPARD, and Scandinavian Reserve Champion ALT. After BATYSKAF, it is PIBER (out of PILINA) who is in charge to continue his line.
The other PROBAT grandsons who also served at stud are Polish Reserve National Champions ANGOR and EUROL by ALEGRO, EGON by ENRILO, race winner BOREK by FAWOR and Derby winner DZIEWIERZ by WERMUT.

As you can see, the KUHAILAN AFAS sireline, has in history, alternated glorious and less fastous periods. Who will be, after COMET and PROBAT, the next exceptionnal progenitor belonging to this sireline ?

 
Alegro 1983 (*Probat x Algeria) Fawor 1981 (*Probat x Fatma) Pamir 1984 (*Probat x Parma)

 
Piber 1996 (Pamir x Pilina)